As indicated by the World Health Organization, mental health is a condition of prosperity wherein the individual understands their capacities, can adapt to the typical worries of life, can work beneficially and productively, and can make a commitment to their community.
Simply, if you are happy, if you are doing your regular work without any unwanted feeling, if you can tackle your challenges from office, house and can handle stresses, then it should be said that you have good mental health.
That means, it’s an emotional, psychological and social wellbeing or we can say that absence of our mental illness. If a person is suffering from mental health problems, then his mood, thinking, and behaviour could be affected.
Signs that indicate mental health problem of a person are –
- Eating and sleeping too much or too little
- Inability to perform daily tasks
- Low or no energy during regular activity.
- Feeling nothing matters or hopeless
- Smoking, drinking or using drugs more than usual
- Fighting with family and friends without any reason
- Experiencing severe mood swings that cause problems in relationships
- Hearing voices or believing things that are not true
- Thinking of harming yourself or others
Factors that affect mental health.
Everyone can have mental health problems in this world whether he is rich or poor, young or old, male or female. There are widespread categories of factors which can create mental health problems of a person. These categories are-
- Biological factors
Some psychological wellness issues are caused because of the strange working of nerve cell circuits or pathways that interface-specific brain areas.
- Psychological factors
These include psychological trauma such as sexual or emotional abuse. Neglect is one of the major key ingredients for mental health problems.
- Environmental factors
It is the most common factor among all the cases observed to date. These include deaths, divorce, dysfunctional family life, social or cultural life expectations, anger or loneliness or an unexpected life event.
Effects of lockdown on mental health.
Due to COVID-19, the government of India announced the nationwide lockdown for 21 days. It’s just a preventive measure. But as a result of this lockdown, people have to be in their house for 21 days.
It’s a nice step towards spreading the virus around the country. But, if we consider the psychological point of view of the people who are in their house for 21 days, it’s a negative action for them.
At first, the word “LOCK-DOWN” is itself is a word of fear. It realizes the people so powerless and trapped. Nobody wants to have no choice, but due to the lock-down people realized that they have no choice for food, for travel, for walks, etc. All these things contribute to a sense of discomfort without having the real one or unhappiness.
In India, 70% of people are living under below poverty line and most of them are working in unorganised sectors. This means that during lockdown they are not able to earn their living. They can’t do their work online. So, they are waiting for their work to start. This kind of waiting may increase anxiety among people.
Not everyone’s house is comfortable. Most of these people living in some areas where security is a major issue. People in these areas may get panic and will have some mental health problems.
Tips for good mental health problems
We can suggest some tips for you to maintain good mental health during the lockdown as follows-
- Get some sunshine every day and don’t spend the whole day in a room without sunlight
- Do some exercise every day.
- Eat as healthy as possible.
- Wake up and go to bed at a constant time daily.
Stay connected with your family and friends.